Cannabis entrepreneurs should come from Boston’s neighborhoods
Friday, January 4, 2019
THE BOSTON CITY COUNCIL recently called several hearings to explore the city’s licensing and regulation of the cannabis industry. Whether would-be retailers want to admit it or not, we have a messaging problem and real hesitancy on the part of many communities, include those who voted for legalization, to open retail cannabis shops. At the same time, even as officials in Boston’s municipal government are seeking to promote equity across industries and our city, the local process around the cannabis industry is felt to be inadequate by many stakeholders and difficult to access for those without abundant capital.
I voted in favor of the ballot initiative to legalize cannabis in order to help bring an end to the war on drugs, and I stand by that decision at the ballot box. It’s now the responsibility of government to implement the will of the voters in a way that that is restorative to communities while also well-informed by medical science. This means advancing equity in our treatment of the industry, acknowledging the legitimate concerns of residents and neighborhoods grappling with substance abuse, and offering reasonable regulation while avoiding stigma.
Unfortunately, many cannabis proposals for Boston neighborhoods are at best sub-par: poorly sited, lacking in diversity, and visibly displaying their disregard for the community. Few if any designated economic empowerment or equity applicants have made it through the first round of the process. Meanwhile, a number of less than stellar proponents have parachuted into Massachusetts and sought approval in neighborhoods like East Boston: one would-be cannabis business leased space next to an in-patient substance abuse treatment center without consulting the health professionals who staff the facility; another publicly announced it was disinterested in hiring local residents at a community meeting.
As the new industry emerges in Massachusetts, residents who know and are trusted in their neighborhoods are best suited to open up shop. Enter one of my constituents, an immigrant from Colombia who has lived in East Boston for 25 years. He has owned a restaurant for the past 15 years with no incident. His children are born and raised here and his son is an Iraq veteran who will be his business partner. He has everything to lose if he does not get this right; there is no other place for him to go. He understands what a real community process looks like, and is well aware of the extreme traffic woes we have in East Boston. He has proposed a retail cannabis shop across the street from the MBTA Blue Line.
To ensure parity between industries and to avoid stigmatizing cannabis businesses, the hearing included alcohol-related enterprises such as bars and liquor stores. Among the issues warranting more dialogue, the council sought information on the merits of buffers as a regulatory device, given zoning’s origin as a public health tool; how the city currently understands and tracks facilities with in-patient treatment services, e.g. facilities that are licensed by the Department of Public Health; whether Boston’s zoning should treat cannabis retail businesses similarly to other enterprises such as agricultural facilities or labs (it currently does, but the Cannabis Control Commission’s guidance suggests otherwise); and whether the city should regulate a nascent industry, cannabis, similarly or differently from established industries such as alcohol.
Testimony at council hearings brought out several crucial ideas. People in recovery asked be at the forefront of designing how the industry rolls out, including how community impact funds are spent (currently, these go to the city’s general fund). Cannabis consumers and entrepreneurs expressed interest in a commission on emerging industries to routinely evaluate the roll-out of cannabis businesses. Public health officials asked for consideration about siting and location. The city noted it designed existing buffers to ensure businesses were not clustered in certain neighborhoods, and will likely consider reductions as the industry matures. Drawing on the work of our neighbors in Somerville and advocates for legalization, strong equity provisions are now on the table.Boston can ensure a fair and equitable roll-out of the industry that acknowledges local concerns, including reasonable public health accommodations. Access to space and capital and procedural clarity have arisen as concerns from local industry participants, and any city regulation should certainly be cognizant of that. The city should be cautious, however, of companies that parachute in with a poor community process and without any regard for their would-be neighbors. The best entrepreneurs will emerge out of the neighborhoods they hold dear.
Lydia Edwards is Boston’s district one city councilor representing Charlestown, East Boston, and the North End.